Here is the list of UNESCO world heritage sites in Greece. The list of world heritage sites greece has Acropolis buildings in Athens. 17 unesco world heritage sites are located in Greece. It’s worth discovering 2500 years of history in Europe. Go ahead with your plan of travel in Greecethis year !
1. Acropolis of Athens (1987) : Acropolis buildings in Athens are really architectural masterpieces with historic significance. Acropolis includes today the most famous building the Parthenon but also Propylaia, the Erechteion and the temple of Athena Nike. The Acropolis is one of the best expressions of Classical Greek aesthetics. All the valuable ancient artifacts are located in the Acropolis museum. The Parthenon had and has a great influence on architecture worldwide but we hope that the remaining marbre of the Parthenon at the British Museum will return soon to Athens… (photo above).
2. Site of Delphi (1987) in the centre of Greece: The sanctuary of Delphi is where the oracle of God Apollo is located. Delphi was the spiritual center of all the Greeks. The recognition of greek identity since the 8th century BC: no war could take place during the panhellenic games. Delphi site is located in a stunning natural surrounding along the slope of Mount Parnassos. The site is composed of the Sanctuary and the temple of Apollo, treasuries, the theatre and other remains and the stadium (photo above on the right). You must see the very good and beautiful museum of Delphi also.
3. The Temple of Apollo at Bassae in the east Peloponnese (1986) : This famous temple to the god of healing Apollo is constructed in the 5th Cent.BC. This Greek temple has a score of unusual features. it has the three of the ancient greek classical orders : Doric, Ionic and Corinthian (photo above on the right). The temple of Apollo is today covered in a giant white tent to protect the ruins from the weather.
4. Medieval city of Rhodes (1988) : The Knights of St John of Jerusalem have occupied Rhodes for 2 centuries and from the 14th cent.AC. They built a impressive fortress of 150 acres, the oldest inhabited medieval town in Europe. Rhodes old town contains the Palace of the Grand Masters, the Great Hospital and the Street of the Knights. This medieval old town is one of the most beautiful examples of Gothic period (photo below on the left)
5. Paleochristian and Byzantin monuments of Thessaloniki (1988) : Founded in the 3rd Cent B.C., the provincial capital of Byzantium with its sea port was a strong base for Christians. In 1988, 15 monuments of Thessaloniki built during the 1000 years of Byzantine empire are listed as UNESCO World heritage. The principal type of Early Christian church was the basilica, other one is church constructed with the three-nave basilica plan. All these churches, including the Rotonda and two monasteries, give you an clear idea of the History and Christian influence on Byzantium and its empire (photo of a church above on the right).
6. Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus (1988) : At the Saronic gulf east of the Peloponnese, on the slope of a hill, Aslepios, the god of medicine, is revered in the 6th cent BC, after the cult of Apollo. Its principal monuments are the temple of Asklepios, the Tholos and the Theatre with astonishing acoustic properties (built in the 4th cent BC). This important site for the Ancient Greeks, with its temples and hospital buildings gives you an idea of the healing cults of Greek and afterwards Roman times (photo below on the left).
7. Site of Mystras in the centre of Peloponnese (1989) : It served as the capital of the Byzantine Despotate of Morea in the last decades of the Byzantine Empire. It was one of the most important cities after Constantinople. Mystras is situated on the slopes of Mount Taygetos. The most important monuments of the site are the Castle with the battlements & towers, the walls and the Cathedral of St. Demetrios. The Turks Ottomans occupied the area in 1460 for 400 years (photo below on the right).
8. Archaeological site of Olympia in the west part of Peloponnese (1989) : The site of Olympia built near Alphios river was the site where Ancient Olympic Games began. The first Olympic Games were in honor of Zeus in 776 BC. It is a sanctuary with the Heraion, the Temple of Zeus, the Pelopion and the area of the altar where the sacrifices were made (photo below on the left). The Olympic flame of the modern Olympic Games is lit and then transported by a torch to the place where the modern Olympic Games are held every 4 years in one town of the world.
9. Archaelogical site of Delos (1990) : God Apollo and goddness Arthemis were born in Delos according to Greek Mythology. The sacred island of Delos was one of the most important sanctuaries in Greece. Hence, acquiring Panhellenic religious significance, Delos was initially a religious pilgrimage for the Ionians. After the Persian Wars (5th cent BC), Delos became the natural meeting-ground for the Delian League. The island have known many invaders till the 1st cent.AC but fortunately today, we can still see many impressive buildings (photo below on the right).
10. Monastery Hosios Loukas in the centre of Greece (1990) : It is one of the most important monuments of Middle Byzantine architecture and art (10th cent AC). It was founded by St Luke The Wonder-worker whose relics are in the monastery today. The church contains the best preserved mosaics. This monastery is still active today (photo below on the left).
Daphni Monastery, north of Athens (1990) : The principal church was constructed in the 11th cent.AC and is a cross-in-square building surmounted by a dome. The church has the best preserved mosaics from the 11th century. One represents the famous Christ Pantocrator portrait inside the dome (photo below on the right).
Sur l’ile de Chios, le monastere de Nea Moni (1990) : The monastery was built in the mid-11th century, by the Byzantine Emporor Constantine IX and his wife Zoe in the 11th cent.AC. The floor mosaics are among the most important examples of Byzantine art. The frescoes on the walls and domes are of an exceptional beauty made of natural stones (photos below).
11. Heraion of Samos and Pythagoreion (1992) : Many civilizations have inhabited this island very near to Minor Asia, since the 3rd millennium BC. The ruins of Pythagoreion, an old fortified port with Greek and Roman monuments and a wonderful tunnel-aqueduct, as well as the Heraion, temple of Hera can still be seen (photo below on the left).
12. The archaelogical site of Vergina (modern name Vergina) south-west of Thessaloniki (1996) : The burial site of the kings of Macedon, including the tomb of Philip II king of Macedonia, father of Alexander the Great have been discovered in 1992 on the ancient city of Aigai. The museum built underground protects the tombs and exhibit the artifacts found in the tombs. The nicest remains to me is the larnax with the Macedonian Symbol with 16 sunrays (photo below on the right).
13. Archeological site of Mycenae and Tyryns to Peloponnese (1999) : Mycenae and Tiryns were two of the most important cities of Mycenean Greece, which flourished between the 15th and 12th centuries BC. The Lion’s Gate and Treasury of Atreus at Mycenae have been listed as « outstanding examples of human creative genius » (photo below on the left).
To be followed…
14. Old town of Corfu (2007) : (photo below on the right).
15. The monastery of St John in Patmos island (1999) : (photo below).
16. Meteora site. (photo below on the left).
17. Mount Athos. (photo below on the right).